Heart (Cardiac) Surgery in great vessels (aortic coarctation repair, Blalock-Taussig shunt creation, closure of patent
ductus arteriosus), became common after the turn of the century and falls in the domain of cardiac surgery, but technically
cannot be considered heart surgery. One of the more commonly known cardiac surgery procedures is the coronary artery bypass
graft (CABG), also known as “bypass surgery.” In this procedure, vessels from elsewhere in the patient’s body are most commonly
harvested using a procedure known as EVH, and grafted to the coronary arteries to bypass blockages and improve the blood supply
to the heart muscle.
Vascular Surgery is a specialty of surgery in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries and veins, are managed by medical
therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction.